The Legal and Technical Commission

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The Legal and Technical Commission (LTC) is an organ of the Council of the International Seabed Authority and currently consists of 25 members who are elected by the Council for a period of 5 years on the basis of personal qualifications relevant to the exploration, exploitation and processing of mineral resources, oceanography, economic and/or legal matters relating to ocean mining and related fields.

The Commission is entrusted with various functions relating to activities in the deep seabed area including the review of applications for plans of work, supervision of exploration or mining activities, assessment of the environmental impact of such activities and provide advice to the International Seabed Authority’s Assembly and Council on all matters relating to exploration and exploitation of non-living marine resources (such as polymetallic [manganese] nodules, polymetallic sulphides and cobalt crusts).

The Commission has, since its inception developed the Regulations on Prospecting and Exploration for Polymetallic Nodules in the Area and the Regulations on Prospecting and Exploration for Polymetallic Sulphides and Cobalt-Rich Ferromanganese Crusts in the Area.

Meetings of the LTC usually precede the annual sessions of the Authority and tables its report to the Council during the session.       

At its 17th Session in 2011, the Council elected the following members for a 5 year term beginning 1 January 2012 - 31 December 2016.

Russell Howorth is the current  Chairman with Christian Reichert the Vice Chairman of the Commission.

ADEGBIE, Adesina Thompson  Nigeria
 AL-FARHAN, Farhan M.S. Saudi Arabia
 BILLETT, David United Kingdom
 BREKKE, Harald Norway
 BROADBELT, Winifred M. Netherlands
 CHERKASHOV, Georgy Russian Federation
 DA EMPOLI, Domenico Italy
 ESCOBAR, Elva  Mexico
 HOWORTH, Russell  Fiji
 HYEONG, Kiseong Republic of Korea
 JARMACHE, Elie France
 KALNGUI, Emmanuel  Cameroon
 LEITE, Carlos Roberto Brazil
 LOPERA, Eusebio Spain
 MADUREIRA, Pedro Portugal
 MUBARAK, Hussein Egypt
 OKAMOTO, Nobuyuki Japan
 PANIEGO, Juan Pablo Argentina
 PRZYBYCIN, Andrzej Poland
 REICHERT, Christian Germany
 RODRIGO, Cristian Chile
 SUDHAKAR, Maruthadu India
 WALKER, Michelle Jamaica
 ZHANG, Haiqi China