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Contractors

The International Seabed Authority has entered into 15-year contracts for exploration for polymetallic nodules and polymetallic sulphides in the deep seabed with seventeen contractors.

Twelve of these contracts are for exploration for polymetallic nodules in the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone (11) and Central Indian Ocean Basin (1). There are three contracts for exploration for polymetallic sulphides in the South West Indian Ridge, Central Indian Ridge and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and two contracts for exploration for cobalt-rich crusts in the Western Pacific Ocean.

The conclusion of contracts allow these contractors to explore specified parts of the deep oceans outside national jurisdiction.

Each contractor is required to propose a programme for the training of nationals of developing States. The training programme, as agreed with the Authority, is incorporated into the contract as schedule 3.

Each contractor is also required to submit an annual report on the implementation of its programme of activities.

Prior to the commencement of its programme of activities under the contract, each contractor is also required to submit to the Secretary-General a contingency plan to respond effectively to incidents arising from its activities in the exploration area.

The signature of these exploration contracts gives practical and real effect to the single regime for the Area established by the 1982 Convention and the 1994 Agreement and as such represents a significant step forward for the international community.


STATUS OF CONTRACTS FOR EXPLORATION FOR POLYMETALLIC
NODULES, POLYMETALLIC SULPHIDES and COBALT-RICH
FERROMANGANESE CRUSTS

A. Contracts for exploration for polymetallic nodules

 

  Contractor

Date of entry into force of contract

Sponsoring
State

General location
of the exploration area under contract

Date of expiry
of contract

iom

Interoceanmetal
Joint Organization

 29 Mar 2001

Bulgaria, Cuba,
Czech Republic,
Poland, Russian Federation and
Slovakia

Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone

 28 Mar 2016

yuz-sign

Yuzhmorgeologiya

 29 Mar 2001

Russian
Federation

Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone

 28 Mar 2016

rok-sign

Government of the
Republic of Korea

 27 Apr 2001

Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone

 26 Apr 2016

comra

China Ocean
Mineral Resources
Research and
Development
Association

 22 May 2001

China

Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone

 21 May 2016

jap-sign

Deep Ocean
Resources
Development
Co. Ltd.

 20 Jun 2001

Japan

Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone

 19 Jun 2016

fr-sign

Institut français
de recherche pour
l'exploitation de la
mer

 20 Jun 2001

France

 Clarion-Clipperton
 Fracture Zone

 19 Jun 2016

india-sign

Government 
of India

 25 Mar 2002

 Indian Ocean

 24 Mar 2017

germany-sign

Federal Institute
for Geosciences
and Natural 
Resources of
Germany

 19 Jul 2006

Germany

 Clarion-Clipperton
 Fracture Zone

 18 Jul 2021

NORI Signing

Nauru Ocean 
Resources Inc.

 22 Jul 2011

Nauru

 Clarion-Clipperton
 Fracture Zone

 21 Jul 2026

Tonga-1

Tonga Offshore
Mining Limited

 11 Jan 2012

Tonga

 Clarion-Clipperton
 Fracture Zone

 10 Jan 2027

MarawaLogo

Marawa Research
and Exploration
Ltd.

 To be signed

Kiribati

 Clarion-Clipperton
 Fracture Zone

GSR-Signing

G‑TEC Sea
Mineral 
Resources NV

 14 Jan 2013

Belgium

 Clarion-Clipperton
 Fracture Zone

 13 Jan 2028

 UKSRLogo 

UK Seabed 
Resources Ltd.

 8 Feb 2013United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone 7 Feb 2028

B. Contracts for exploration for polymetallic sulphides

   

Contractor

Date of entry into force of contract

Sponsoring State

General location
of the exploration
area under contract

Date of expiry
of contract

ISA-Ch-Contract

China Ocean Mineral
Resources Research
and Development
Association

 18 Nov 2011

China

 Southwest Indian
 Ridge

17 Nov 2026

RUSigning-1

Government of the
Russian Federation

 29 Oct 2012

 Mid-Atlantic
 Ridge

 28 Oct 2027

ROKSigning2

Government of the
Republic of Korea

 24 June 2014

Korea

 Central Indian
 Ridge

 23 June 2029

IfremerLogo

Institut français
de recherche pour
l'exploitation de la
mer

 To be signed

France

 Mid-Atlantic
 Ridge

C. Conracts for exploration for cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts

Contractor

Date of entry into force of contract

Sponsoring State

General location
of the exploration
area under contract

Date of expiry
of contract

COMRALogo
 

China Ocean Mineral
Resources Research
and Development
Association (COMRA)
 29 April 2014 China Western Pacific
 Ocean
 28 April 2029
JOGMEC-1

 Japan Oil, Gas and
 Metals National
 Corporation
 (JOGMEC)


 27 Jan 2014


 Japan

 Western Pacific
  Ocean


 26 Jan 2029

Note: The documents referred to on this page under the symbol LOS/PCN are documents of the Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and are contained in the Provisional Final Report of the Preparatory Commission (LOS/PCN/153, Vols I - XIII). Because of the number of documents involved, it has not yet been possible to make these documents available on this web site. 


 

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