Glossaire Scientifique

Glossaire des termes et des abréviations pertinentes à l'Autorité internationale des fonds marins et à ses documents.
Veuillez noter qu’il s’agit d’un document en constant développement.

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Titlesort descending

A segment of DNA responsible for hereditary information.

Gene Flow

The exchange of genetic material between populations as a result of migration or reproduction.

Gene Pool

The total genetic material available at a given time in an interbreeding population.


Pertaining to or carried by genes.

Genetic Diversity

The genetic variation that occurs within a population or species. The lowest level of biodiversity. Compare to ecosystem diversity andspecies diversity


A category of taxonomic classification, one level above species, consisting of one or more species with similar characteristics. One of the components, along with species, that comprise the scientific name of an organism, for example, the scientific name for humans isHomo sapiens, meaning they belong to the genus Homo and species sapiens. The plural of Genus is Genera.

Geographic Information System

A system of spatially referenced information, including computer programs that acquire, store, manipulate, analyze, and display such data. Abbreviated to GIS.


Geochemical Ocean Sections Study


Geographic Information System.

Global Positioning System

A system used to determine latitude, longitude, and elevation anywhere on or above the Earth's surface. Location is obtained by simultaneously determining position relative to a number of specialized satellites using radio signals. Abbreviated to GPS.


Global Positioning System.


A flat-topped seamount. {Figure}.