Glossaire Scientifique

Glossaire des termes et des abréviations pertinentes à l'Autorité internationale des fonds marins et à ses documents.
Veuillez noter qu’il s’agit d’un document en constant développement.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Z
Titlesort descending

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea


Ion-Exchange Chromatography.


Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea). One of the groups (jointly with AFERNOD) granted a contract for the exploration of polymetallic nodules. Other contractors listed here.

Impact Interactions

The reactions between impacts (between the impacts of just one action and/or between the impacts of multiple actions in the Area).

Impact Reference Area

Synonymous with Impact Reference Zone. Abbreviated to IRA.

Impact Reference Zone

Areas which are representative of the environmental characteristics of a particular region to be used for assessing the effect of activities in that region on the marine environment. Compare to Impact Zone and Preservation Reference Zone. Synonymous withImpact Reference Area. Abbreviated to IRZ

Impact Zone

Zone where impacts (direct, indirect, cumulative, and/or interactive) result from an activity. Compare to Impact Reference Zone andPreservation Reference Zone.

Inactive Sulphides

Polymetallic sulphides through which warm water is no longer flowing into the overlying seawater (i.e., they are "cold"). Disturbance of these sulphides may result in renewal of hydrothermal fluxes into the water column, turning inactive sulphides into active sulphides(hence the concept of "dormant" sulphides). Synonomous with dormant sulphides. Opposite of Active Sulphides


Indian Deep-Sea Environment Experiment.

Indirect Impacts

Impacts on the environment that are not a direct result of an activity, often produced away from the activity or as a result of a complex pathway (physical, chemical, biological). Synonymous with second-level impacts, third-level impacts, and secondary impacts.


Organisms that live within the sediment. Synonymous with endofauna. Compare to epifauna.


Pertaining to the infauna.


Pertaining to, or derived from, non-biological material. Opposite of organic.

International Seabed Authority

An autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Authority is the organization through which States Parties to the Convention shall, in accordance with the regime for the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (the Area) established in Part XI and the Agreement, organize and control activities in the Area, particularly with a view to administering the resources of the Area. Abbreviated to ISA. Divided into the Assembly, the Council, the Legal and Technical Commission, the Finance Committee and the Secretariat. {Web Page}


Pertaining to, or occurring within, the spaces between sediment particles.

Invasive Species

An introduced species that out-competes native organisms for space and/or resources. Synonymous with alien species.


Organisms not possessing a backbone. Approximately 95% of the animal kingdom. Compare to vertebrate.


Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO)


Interoceanmetal Joint Organization (Bulgaria, Cuba, Czech Republic, Russia Federation, Slovak Republic, Poland). One of the groups granted a contract for the exploration of polymetallic nodules. Other contractors listed here.

Ion-Exchange Chromatography

A quantitative method for separating charged molecules of various sizes, from large proteins to small nucleotides.


Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (United Kingdom)


Impact Reference Area


Impact Reference Zone.


International Seabed Authority


International Organization for Standardization


Line of constant pressure. Compare to isotherm.


Line of constant temperature. Compare to isobar.


Of equal temperature.


Intertropical Convergence Zone (Pacific Ocean)


International Whaling Commission


International Young Gadoid Pelagic Trawl