Glossaire Scientifique

Glossaire des termes et des abréviations pertinentes à l'Autorité internationale des fonds marins et à ses documents.
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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Z
Titlesort ascending
IYGPT

International Young Gadoid Pelagic Trawl

IWC

International Whaling Commission

ITCZ

Intertropical Convergence Zone (Pacific Ocean)

Isothermal

Of equal temperature.

Isotherm

Line of constant temperature. Compare to isobar.

Isobar

Line of constant pressure. Compare to isotherm.

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISA

International Seabed Authority

IRZ

Impact Reference Zone.

IRA

Impact Reference Area

IOS

Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (United Kingdom)

Ion-Exchange Chromatography

A quantitative method for separating charged molecules of various sizes, from large proteins to small nucleotides.

IOM

Interoceanmetal Joint Organization (Bulgaria, Cuba, Czech Republic, Russia Federation, Slovak Republic, Poland). One of the groups granted a contract for the exploration of polymetallic nodules. Other contractors listed here.

IOC

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO)

Invertebrate

Organisms not possessing a backbone. Approximately 95% of the animal kingdom. Compare to vertebrate.

Invasive Species

An introduced species that out-competes native organisms for space and/or resources. Synonymous with alien species.

Interstitial

Pertaining to, or occurring within, the spaces between sediment particles.

International Seabed Authority

An autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Authority is the organization through which States Parties to the Convention shall, in accordance with the regime for the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (the Area) established in Part XI and the Agreement, organize and control activities in the Area, particularly with a view to administering the resources of the Area. Abbreviated to ISA. Divided into the Assembly, the Council, the Legal and Technical Commission, the Finance Committee and the Secretariat. {Web Page}

Inorganic

Pertaining to, or derived from, non-biological material. Opposite of organic.

Infaunal

Pertaining to the infauna.

Infauna

Organisms that live within the sediment. Synonymous with endofauna. Compare to epifauna.

Indirect Impacts

Impacts on the environment that are not a direct result of an activity, often produced away from the activity or as a result of a complex pathway (physical, chemical, biological). Synonymous with second-level impacts, third-level impacts, and secondary impacts.

INDEX

Indian Deep-Sea Environment Experiment.

Inactive Sulphides

Polymetallic sulphides through which warm water is no longer flowing into the overlying seawater (i.e., they are "cold"). Disturbance of these sulphides may result in renewal of hydrothermal fluxes into the water column, turning inactive sulphides into active sulphides(hence the concept of "dormant" sulphides). Synonomous with dormant sulphides. Opposite of Active Sulphides

Impact Zone

Zone where impacts (direct, indirect, cumulative, and/or interactive) result from an activity. Compare to Impact Reference Zone andPreservation Reference Zone.

Impact Reference Zone

Areas which are representative of the environmental characteristics of a particular region to be used for assessing the effect of activities in that region on the marine environment. Compare to Impact Zone and Preservation Reference Zone. Synonymous withImpact Reference Area. Abbreviated to IRZ

Impact Reference Area

Synonymous with Impact Reference Zone. Abbreviated to IRA.

Impact Interactions

The reactions between impacts (between the impacts of just one action and/or between the impacts of multiple actions in the Area).

IFREMER

Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea). One of the groups (jointly with AFERNOD) granted a contract for the exploration of polymetallic nodules. Other contractors listed here.

IEC

Ion-Exchange Chromatography.

ICES

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea