Scientific Glossary

Glossary of terms and abbreviations relevant to the International Seabed Authority and the documents it produces

Please note that this is a constantly evolving document.

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Titlesort descending
Family

An intermediate level of taxonomic classification containing one or more Genera forming a subgroup of an Order.

Fauna

Animals, especially those found in a specific region. Compare to flora.

Faunal

Pertaining to the fauna.

Ferromanganese Nodule

Synonymous with polymetallic nodule.

FFG

Free-Fall Grab.

Filter Feeder

An organism that feeds by filtering particulate organic matter from the surrounding water. Synonymous with suspension feeder.

Filter Feeding

The action of feeding by filtering particulate organic matter from the surrounding water. Synonymous with suspension feeding.

Flora

Plants, especially those found in a specific region. Compare to fauna.

Floral

Pertaining to the flora.

Food Chain

Linear sequence of organisms where each trophic level is the energy source for the next by being a source of food. Consists of oneprimary producer, one primary consumer and one or more secondary consumers.

Food Web

A schematic diagram of interconnecting food chains.

Foram

Synonymous with foraminifera.

Foraminifera

Planktonic or benthic protozoa which usually secrete a calcareous exoskeleton containing pores through which slender filaments (pseudopodia) project. Scientific name for foram.