Scientific Glossary

Glossary of terms and abbreviations relevant to the International Seabed Authority and the documents it produces

Please note that this is a constantly evolving document.

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Titlesort descending
Gene

A segment of DNA responsible for hereditary information.

Gene Flow

The exchange of genetic material between populations as a result of migration or reproduction.

Gene Pool

The total genetic material available at a given time in an interbreeding population.

Genetic

Pertaining to or carried by genes.

Genetic Diversity

The genetic variation that occurs within a population or species. The lowest level of biodiversity. Compare to ecosystem diversity andspecies diversity

Genus

A category of taxonomic classification, one level above species, consisting of one or more species with similar characteristics. One of the components, along with species, that comprise the scientific name of an organism, for example, the scientific name for humans isHomo sapiens, meaning they belong to the genus Homo and species sapiens. The plural of Genus is Genera.

Geographic Information System

A system of spatially referenced information, including computer programs that acquire, store, manipulate, analyze, and display such data. Abbreviated to GIS.

GEOSECS

Geochemical Ocean Sections Study

GIS

Geographic Information System.

Global Positioning System

A system used to determine latitude, longitude, and elevation anywhere on or above the Earth's surface. Location is obtained by simultaneously determining position relative to a number of specialized satellites using radio signals. Abbreviated to GPS.

GPS

Global Positioning System.

Guyot

A flat-topped seamount. {Figure}.